Religione, economia e civiltà: le scienze sociali nel futuro della preistoria - Francesco Orazi - Vita e Pensiero - Articolo Studi di Sociologia Vita e Pensiero

Religione, economia e civiltà: le scienze sociali nel futuro della preistoria

digital Religione, economia e civiltà: le scienze sociali
nel futuro della preistoria
Article
journal STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA
section Online First
title Religione, economia e civiltà: le scienze sociali nel futuro della preistoria
Religion, Economics and Civilization: the Social Sciences in the Future of Prehistory
Author
Publisher Vita e Pensiero
format Article | Pdf
online since 02-2022
doi 10.26350/000309_000138
issn 0039-291X (print) | 1827-7896 (digital)
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The article discusses the interpretative effects of recent archaeological discoveries on the “conventional” ways of social sciences to explain civilization processes and the consequent postulate that economics is a naturalized science. It will be argued that human groups’ existential placement in a vital world is a necessary condition for forming their economic and social structures. The hypothesis of the work is that civilization was articulated through three media  between the biological and social nature of men. The first is the sacred and the establishment of an elsewhere where to place the cosmic order of the world (formation of religious thought). The second is power as an institution external to society where the leader no longer serves the community but as sovereign he becomes a divinity (formation of the state). The third is economic exchange, where distribution and production are gradually mediated by  specialized) agents capable of coordinating resources that exceed subsistence (market formation). These three media coexist and operate jointly in the different social orders by coding the cultural memory that is necessary for  cohesion and collective identity.

keywords

Sacred, Civilization, Economy, Culture, Social organization.

Author biography

Università Politecnica delle Marche. Email: francesco.orazi@staff.univpm.it.