STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2003 - 4 - autori-vari - Vita e Pensiero - Fascicolo digitale Studi di Sociologia Vita e Pensiero


digital STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2003 - 4
Digital issue
Issue 4 - 2003
Title STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2003 - 4
Publisher Vita e Pensiero
Format Digital issue | Pdf
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Lo spazio della persona. Alcune precisazioni sulle teorie del comportamento razionale e sull’individualismo metodologico
by Antonio La Spina pages: 16 € 6.00
According to a certain version of methodological individualism, the concept of person should not be used in strict sociological analysis, because all we need is referring to idealtypical individuals acting on the basis of standard reasons. The paper shows that the explanation of individual behaviour needs, at some crucial points, a good deal more than such a limited concept of social action. Why individual actors adhere to a given model of rational behaviour, or shift to a new one? When, why and how preferences and/or beliefs held by the same individual (multiple selves) clash between themselves? How people in real life come to terms with hard or «tragic» choices (inescapably involving losses and suffering for somebody)? In all these cases an abstract individual moved by idealtypical reasons cannot be an adequate explanatory tool. Paradoxically, in the standard version of methodological individualism it is the subjective dimension that is lacking. An empty space is left, that can only be filled through a proper use of the concept of person.

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Crisi del welfare state?
by Sandro Segre pages: 9 € 6.00
This essay sets out to establish whether there is a crisis of the contemporary welfare states. A preliminary definition of this term, and classification of distinct models of welfare states, has been offered. It has then been contended that different units of analysis and observation may lead to incompatible conclusions, as they are conducive to choosing different indicators of crisis. Some indicators are relevant to all models of welfare states, such as the GNP proportion of welfare expenditures, while other indicators refer only to particular models. Considering all such indicators, it may be concluded that is neither a general crisis of the welfare state, nor a crisis of the Swedish or universalistic model, while considering the US or residual model in crisis depends on the choice of the indicators.
Educare, comunicare, costruire legami: percorsi di ri-socializzazione in un centro diurno per preadolescenti
by Vittorino Cadario pages: 16 € 6.00
The essay analyzes a formative aid through the realization of an Educational Day Centre for preadolescents whose aim is the control and, possibly, the overcoming of scholastic unease. After a short presentation of the project, its targets and its social contest, the article deals with some remarking moments of the educational intervention such as sharing meals, revision of daily experencies, organizing games, scholastic and formative supporting. It comes out a complex and varied picture where educational communication and interpersonal relationships are interwined in an action of re-socialization based on educators’ witness, confidence between the adolescents and the adults, creation of routines assuring the sharing frame and the indispensable code of working activities.
Politiche sociali e devianza: il lavoro di strada tra controllo sociale e promozione
by Paolo Paroni pages: 26 € 6.00
The article, with reference at the problems of teenagers informal groups, shows the features of the social street work as an innovative model of prevention and social control regarding to juvenile deviance and desease. After a description of this social work motivations, the article shows four possible models of street work: harm reduction, street education, social mediation, community development. In order to understand the formalities of the street work project development, the article explains the case of Cremona and its street education service, pointing out the potentialities and the limits of this social work.
L’analisi computer-assistita dei focus groups. Il contributo del programma Atlas.ti
by Alberto Trobia pages: 20 € 6.00
Many reports of focus groups are rather poor and disappointing. This is overtly due to the fact that there is not a well-established tradition in the field of qualitative data analysis. Even the most important and widespread handbooks generally fail to treat the matter and are often evasive about focus group data analysis. This paper summarizes the scarce literature on the analysis of focus group data and tries to suggest an integrated method that satisfies the descriptive purpose as well as the need to take into account the particular nature of focus group data as diachronic and group data. Atlas.ti, a well-known qualitative data analysis program, can partly satisfy this need, if used properly, respecting the particular nature of the data collected. The advantages of such a method of analysis, is argued in the paper, can have positive repercussions in the whole field of qualitative research in the difficult road towards methodological rigorousness.
Analisi d’opere
pages: 4 € 6.00

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