This paper shows how the elderly regain identity and socialization within their new roles after retirement, through qualitative research conducted with the drawing technique. This research aims at revealing how healthy seniors can cultivate their passions, reorganize their space and time, and improve their quality of life. This paper addresses the main theories of aging and calls into question some long-accepted theoretical assumptions regarding gender differences in the elderly. And moreover, this paper is intended to be a starting point for rethinking policies for the elderly.
In this paper, we analyze consumption patterns of leisure time among young people belonging to the so-called “second generation” of immigrants in Italy. Leisure time consumption describes how young immigrants use cultural products and services. We analyze data collected by the ISTAT through the survey on the “second generations” (2015). A comparison of leisure consumption patterns between second-generation immigrants and their Italian peers does not show significant differences. Rather, differences in consumption styles are associated to gender (male/female), geographic area of residence (North/South), and size of the municipality (large municipality/small municipality) of residence.
Participation is an issue widely discussed in social work. In particular, this aspect has a relevant importance in child protection where the involvement of actors in the decision-making process, that affect their life, is fundamental to build effective and sustainable help intervention. FGC is a participative and collaborative model that promotes the real participation of children, young people, parents and significant others in defining a family plan that is useful to cope with problems and to guarantee wellbeing. The article explores, through the analysis of the implementation of a pilot project realized in Lombardy, the application of the FGC in the specific field of foster care, that is a relational experience characterized by an high level of complexity, and the benefits that it produces in improving this intervention.
Over the past few decades, reflections about the ageing process has led to the emergence of a number of concepts, all positive in nature compared to previous theories, and which have been used to characterise a new paradigm. Contemporary approaches have basically been dominated by two narratives, one based more on mental and physical well-being (successful ageing), while the other concerns the aspect of socio-economic integration (active ageing). In this article, an attempt has been made to revisit the time when the concepts were introduced in order to highlight, through genealogical analysis, how a series of scientific ends have become intermingled, over time, with explicit political goals.
In the crossing decades from 20th to XXIst century, Information and Communication Technologies have seen an extraordinary development. This phenomenon originated the so-called “digital society” and the more comprehensive “knowledge society”. In the occidental world there was the fall of the long and fundamental industrial age, with the decline of “fordism” and the definive transition to supremacy of the advanced third sector in economic more developed countries. At its origin, during the Seventies, it is produced a particular storytelling in which to image a future of wellness, freedom and general improvement of individual and collective life. At what degree/step of that path are we now arrived? Were those promises maintained? This essai focuses from the sociological point of view some central issues concerning that evolution. Specially, the debate on continuity/discontinuity between the digital code and the analogic representation of the reality; the consequences of the progressive digitalization of the culture (and its instruments of building, consolidation and dissemination) on the social balance, and above all on collective memory: a basic element of society solidity and surviving in the history; and so on. In the final part, the Author wonders if this evolution requires a new anthropological model; if culture and speed are really compatible; if it is necessary to re-think former and established ideas and patterns of social relations.
Social movements outcomes has been analysed by different perspectives. Only recently social movements studies start to focus on the unanticipated consequences of social movements strategies and collective action. Talking about unanticipated consequences of social movements meets the need of deeper understanding social, political and cultural change and poses some important questions for social movements research. The article aims to outline some of these questions, also stressing on the reasons why social movements scholars paid little attention to the study of unanticipated consequences of social movements in the past; it also aims at proposing a new classification starting from the Weber’s social action ideal type, with particular attention to the Merton’s and Boudon’s works. Finally, some methodological considerations will be made in order to better understand empirical issues around the topic.
In last years, educational poverty, in Italy, has significantly involved the new generations. The phenomenon shows its complexity, in a play of lights and shadows, starting from the school pathways of young people, and involving family, through its central role in the young’s motivation process, and teacher, significant adult in the dynamics of the training process. In the essay we will start from the analysis of the national situation of education levels and school drop-out and we will analyse the possible causes of the phenomenon. Finally, we will reflect on the need to redefine the role of the teacher, starting from the analysis of his marginalization, in order to put him at the centre of the training processes as a promoter of processes of rapprochement of young people to education.
In the history of Italian associations, the field engaged in the international dimension has been and still represents today, from the height of over forty years of life, one of the sectors with the longest operating experience. The article intends to identify the structural and organizational characteristics of the Tuscan voluntary organizations that operate at an international level; the values, the culture and the social missions of these organizations; the human, material and symbolic resources available to them. In particular, the research seeks to identify the paths, the types of activities carried out, highlighting if and how these realities are placed in the different operational approaches of International Solidarity and Development Cooperation, within the complex system of decentralized regional cooperation.
By critically recovering Peter Berger’s analysis, this article proposes some considerations around the wide theme of the pluralism of cultural and religious identities in contemporary western society. The intent is to focus attention on the processes of regulation and social integration that are produced in it, increasingly marked by individualistic instances of self-realization and by the two processes consequent to it: that of social fragmentation, on the one hand, compensated, on the other hand, by the search for a strong identity recomposition. The notion and the principle of the disenchanted reason, as a regulatory criterion in a universalistic sense, is the most important legacy of the Enlightenment: in the strenuous confrontation with the contemporary pluralistic society, the modern universalist synthesis plays the decisive game for the survival of European culture.
Within the European project Story_S, supporting successful educational paths for Roma youth through peer to peer education, a participatory anti-discrimination campaign was built with young people of different backgrounds, in Milan and Rome. An intersectional approach is proposed to reflect together with young students on the topic of discrimination and to build, through the photovoice, a photographic campaign addressed to their peers. The photovoice process fostered group dynamics, reflection, and a photographic work, during two Awareness Raising Workshops of 3 days each. Discrimination is recognized and experienced by the youth on grounds of gender and sexuality, race and ethnicity, in definitions of normality, poverty, online, offline and in the media. Metaphors of coexistence or of the beauty of diversity were represented through photos; also experiences of discrimination regarding housing conditions and public services were captured. Strategies to combat discrimination have been proposed and discussed by participants. Through the online and offline dissemination of the campaign, counter narratives were promoted and reached wider audiences, in an attempt to support anti-discrimination cultures and empowerment in schools and youth environments. By discussing both the process and the results of the photovoice, we contribute to the understanding of young people’s perspective on discrimination and on participation to social change.